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# Category Archives: Trigonometry

## Ferris Wheel trigonometry word problem

The Ferris wheel at Navy Pier has a diameter of 140 feet. It stands 10 feet off the ground. The wheel has 40 gondolas that seat six passengers each. It takes about 6 minutes for the Navi Pier Ferris wheel to complete one rotation.

Draw a diagram of the Navy Pier Ferris wheel and the boarding platform. Fill in the necessary information. Sketch the graph. Write a cosine equation for your curve. Write a sine equation for your curve.

i. What is the circumference of the wheel?

ii. At what speed is the wheel traveling? Please answer in feet / second.

iii. If you begin your ride at the base of the wheel, what is the height after 1 minute? 4 minutes?

iv. At what approximate time(s) will you reach the following heights?

a) 100 ft

b) 240 ft

v. What is the length of the arc traveled by the Navy Pier Ferris wheel from the 4 o’clock to the 7 o’clock position?

Solution to this Trigonometric Function word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Roller Coaster trigonometry problem

A portion of a roller coaster is to be built in the shape of a sinusoid. You have been hired to calculate the lengths of the horizontal and vertical timber supports to be used.

a. The high and low points on the track are separated by 50 meters horizontally and 30 meters vertically. The low point is 3 meters below the ground. Letting y be the number of meters the track is above the ground and x the number of meters horizontally from the high point, write an equation expressing y in terms of x.

b. How long is the vertical timber at the high point? At x = 4 m? At x = 32 m?

c. Where does the track first go below ground?

Solution to this Trigonometric Function example practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Steamboat trigonometry example word problem

Mark Twain sat on the deck of a river steamboat. As the paddlewheel turned, a point on the paddle blade moved in such a way that its distance, d, from the water’s surface was a sinusoidal function of time. When his stopwatch read 4 seconds, the point was at its highest, 16 feet above the water’s surface. The wheel’s diameter was 18 feet, and it completed a revolution every 10 seconds.

a. Sketch a graph of the sinusoid

b. Write the equation of the sinusoid

c. How far above the surface was the point when Mark’s stopwatch read:

i. 5 seconds

ii. 17 seconds

d. What is the first positive value of time at which the point was at the water’s surface? At that time, was it going into or coming out of the water? Explain.

Solution to this Trigonometric Function example word problem is provided in the video below!

## Temperature trigonometry word problem

The max temperature in Buenos Aires is on January 15 and is 33 degrees Celsius. The minimum temperature is on July 16 (day 197) and is 9 degrees Celsius. (Assume the period is 365 days).

a) Sketch the temperature as a function of time

b) Find the equation for the temperature, T, as a function of time, t.

c) What is the temperature on Mother’s Day, May 10?

d) Give the dates during a one year period when the temperature is below 18 degrees Celsius.

Solution to this Trigonometric Function example word problem is provided in the video below!

## Complex Number Trigonometric Form Representation problem example

Express the following Complex Numbers in Trigonometric Form:

-12

-8i

2 – 2i

Solution to this Complex Number Trigonometric Form Representation practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Trigonometric Complex Number Product Quotient Power Rectangular Standard Form Representation example question

Find the resulting Complex Number in standard (rectangular) form for the following:

Solution to this Trigonometric Complex Number Product Quotient Power Rectangular Standard Form Representation practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Square Roots of a Complex Number example

Find the two Square Roots of

Solution to this Square Roots of a Complex Number practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Complex Number Rectangular POLAR Form Conversion example problem

Express the following POLAR Complex Number in Trigonometric and Rectangular Form:

Express the following Rectangular Complex Number in Trigonometric Form and POLAR Form:

5i

Solution to this Complex Number Polar Rectangular Form Conversion practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Complex Number POLAR Product Quotient Power example question

Find the resulting Complex Number in POLAR form for the following:

a)

b)

Find the resulting Complex Number in POLAR and RECTANGULAR (standard) form:

Solution to this Complex Number Polar Product Quotient Power practice problem is provided in the video below!

## POLAR Complex Number Nth Root Theorem example

Find the Four 4th (Fourth) Roots of

Solution to this Polar Complex Number Nth Root Theorem practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Horizontal and Vertical Components of a Force Vector problem example

A force of 46.3 pounds is applied at an angle of 34.8º to the horizontal. Resolve the force into horizontal and vertical components.

Solution to this Horizontal Vertical Components of a Force Vector word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## HARD Parallel Perpendicular Weight Vector Components to Surface word problem

A weight of 75 pounds is resting on a surface inclined at an angle of 25º to the ground. Find the components of the weight parallel and perpendicular to the surface.

Solution to this Parallel Perpendicular Weight Vector Components word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## VERY HARD Resultant Force Vector example question

Find the resultant of two forces, one with magnitude 155 pounds and direction N50ºW, and a second with magnitude 305 pounds and direction S55ºW.

Solution to this Resultant Force Vector word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Plane Wind vector example problem

An airplane has an airspeed of 430 miles per hour at a bearing of E45ºS (45 degrees South of East). The wind velocity is 35 miles per hour in the direction of N30ºE (30 degrees East of North). Find the ground speed and true course of the plane using vectors.

Solution to this Plane Wind vector word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Law of Cosines word problem example

Two sides of a parallelogram are 9 and 15 units in length. The length of the shorter diagonal of the parallelogram is 14 units. Find the length of the long diagonal.

Solution to this Law of Cosines word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## HARD Law of Cosines word problem

A new car leaves an auto transport trailer for a test drive in the flat surface desert in the direction N47ºW at constant speed of 65 miles per hour. The trailer proceeds at constant rate of 50 miles per hour due East. If the car has enough fuel for exactly 3 hours of riding at constant speed, what is the maximum distance in the same direction that the car can cover in order to safely return to the trailer?

Solution to this Law of Cosines word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Law of Sines word problem example

A radio antenna is attached to the top of the building. From a point 12.5 meters from the base of the building, on level ground, the angle of elevation of the bottom of the antenna is 47.2 degrees and the angle of elevation of the top is 51.8 degrees. Find the height of the antenna.

Solution to this Law of Sines word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Law of Sines Triangle Area PROOF problem

Show that for any triangle the area is one-half the product of any two sides and sine of the angle formed between these sides. That is,

Solution to this Law of Sines Triangle Area PROOF practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Hard Inverse Trigonometric Expression Value example question

Evaluate the following Trigonometric Expression:

Solution to this Inverse Trigonometric Expression Value practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Rectangle Word Problem with ArcTangent example

A rectangle is 173 meters long and 106 meters high. Find the angle between diagonal and the longer side.

Solution to this Inverse Trigonometric Function word practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Trigonometric Equation Double-Angle and Product-To-Sum example

Solve the following Trigonometric Equations using Double-Angle and Product-To-Sum formulas:

sin2θ – sinθ = 0

cosx + cos3x = cos2x

Solution to this Trigonometric Equation Double-Angle Product-To-Sum practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Trigonometric Angle Sum and Difference example question

Find the value of the following Trigonometric Expressions using Angle Sum or Difference formulas:

cos(105º)

Solution to this Trigonometric Angle Sum Difference practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Solution to Trigonometric Equation example question

Solve the following Trigonometric Equations:

tan(3t) = 1

2cos2u = cosu

ln(sinx) = 0

Solution to this Trigonometric Equations practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Amplitude Period Phase Shift of Trigonometric Functions example

Find the Amplitude, Period, Phase Shift, and Vertical Shift for each of the following Trigonometric Functions:

Solution to this Trigonometric Function Graph practice problem is provided in the video below!

## All Key Features of Trigonometric Functions example problem

For each of the following Trigonometric Functions, find the Amplitude, Period, Frequency, Midline Equation, Phase Shift, Vertical Shift, Horizontal Stretch or Shrink, Vertical Stretch or Shrink, Domain, and Range.

Solution to this Trigonometric Function Graph practice problem is provided in the video below!

## GRAPH of Trigonometric Functions example question

Draw a Graph of the following Trigonometric Functions:

Solution to this Graph of Trigonometric Function practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Find ANY Known Trigonometric Value by Hand example question

How do you find the values like or or ?

There is a way to use the Unit Circle information and fill out your own Table of Values fast!

All you need is to start with sine function values in the interval [0, ]

Watch the video below with a detailed tutorial and start being a pro at this!

Solution to this Basic Trigonometric Function Values practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Finding Trigonometric Values Using Reference Angles example question

Find the value of the following Trigonometric Expressions using appropriate Reference Angles:

a) sin(120º)

b)

c) tan(-45º)

d)

e) sec(240º)

f)

Solution to this Reference Angle practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Find All Six Trigonometric Functions using Rectangular Coordinates or given Angle example question

a) If t is a point on the unit circle with coordinates , find the six Trigonometric Functions of t

b) Find the six Trigonometric Functions of

Solution to this Trigonometric Function practice problem is provided in the video below!

## Shaded Area in a Square puzzle example question

In a unit square ABCD, point A is joined to the midpoint of BC, point B is joined to the midpoint of CD, point C is joined to the midpoint of DA, and point D is joined to the midpoint of AB. Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution to this Puzzle practice problem is given in the video below!

## Shaded Area in a Square puzzle example problem

In a unit square ABCD, M is a midpoint of AD, and AC is a diagonal. Find the area of the shaded regions.

Solution to this Puzzle practice problem is given in the video below!

## Shaded Area in a Square puzzle example

In the unit square ABCD, M is the midpoint and AC and BD are diagonals. Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution to this Puzzle practice problem is given in the video below!

## Shaded Area in a Square puzzle example question

In the following unit square ABCD, M is the midpoint and BD is a diagonal. Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution to this Puzzle practice problem is given in the video below!

## Shaded Area in a Square puzzle TRIGONOMETRY example problem

A square with side 1 is rotated around one vertex by an angle  , where

and

.

Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution to this Puzzle practice problem is given in the video below!

## Shaded Area in a Rectangle puzzle example

In the following rectangle, an isosceles triangle is drawn. Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution to this Puzzle practice problem is given in the video below!

## Shaded Area in a Rectangle puzzle example question

In the following rectangle below, find the area of the shaded region.

Solution to this Puzzle practice problem is given in the video below!

## Polar Rectangular Coordinates Conversion example question

Convert the following Rectangular coordinates to Polar coordinates:

a. (2, -2)

b. (0, 3)

c. (3, 4)

Solution to this Polar Coordinates practice problem is given in the video below!

## Rectangular Polar Coordinates Conversion example problem

Convert the following Polar coordinates to Rectangular coordinates:

a.

b. (0, 3)

c.

Solution to this Polar Coordinates practice problem is given in the video below!

## Rectangular Polar Coordinates Conversion example

Convert the following Polar coordinates to Rectangular coordinates:

a.

b.

c.

Solution to this Polar Coordinates practice problem is given in the video below!

## Rectangular Equation & Polar Equation Conversion example question

Find Polar Equations from Rectangular Equation

Solution to this Polar Coordinates practice problem is given in the video below!

## Polar Equations Sketch & X–Y Equation Conversion example problem

Sketch the given Polar Equations and find their corresponding XY Equation:

a. r = 4

b.

c.

d.

Solution to this Polar Coordinates practice problem is given in the video below!

## Hard Polar Equations Sketch example

Sketch the given Polar Equations:

Solution to this Polar Coordinates practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equation Sketch & X–Y Equation Conversion example question

Sketch the given Parametric Equation and find its corresponding XY Equation:

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equation Sketch & X–Y Equation Conversion example problem

Sketch the given Parametric Equation and find its equivalent XY Equation:

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equation Sketch & X–Y Equation Conversion example

Find Parametric Equations from the given XY equation:

Circle with radius 3, centered at (2, 1) and drawn counterclockwise.

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equation Sketch & X–Y Equation Conversion example question

Derive Parametric Equations from the given XY equation:

Line from (-2, 4) to (6, 1).

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equation Sketch & X–Y Equation Conversion example problem

Find Parametric Equations by using the given XY equation:

from (2, -2) to (0, 2).

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equations: Points of Intersection of Two Curves example

Find the coordinates of the points of Intersection of two given Parametric Curves:

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equations of a PROJECTILE example problem

A projectile is fired at an angle of inclination α, with 0 < α < π/2, at an initial speed of vo. Parametric equations for its path can be shown to be x = votcos(α), y = votsin(α) – (gt ²)/2, with t representing time.

a) Eliminate the t parameter and find the value of t when the projectile hits the ground.

b) Sketch the path of the projectile for the case α = π/6, vo = 32 ft/sec, g = 32 ft/sec ².

Solution to this Parametric Equations of a Projectile practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Equations: Object Position, Velocity & Speed example question

Find the Position, Velocity and Speed of an Object by using the following Parametric Equation:

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Slope of the Parametric Curve example problem

Find the Slope of the Tangent Line to the Curve

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Curves: Coordinates of the Points of Vertical & Horizontal Tangent Linesexample

Find the Coordinates of the Points of Vertical and Horizontal Tangent Lines to the Curve

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Curves: Arc Lengthexample question

Find the Arc Length of a Parametric Curve

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parametric Curves: Area example problem

Find the Area enclosed by a Parametric Curve

in the interval

Solution to this Parametric Equations & Curves practice problem is given in the video below!

## Parabola Directrix Conic Section Proof example question

Show that in polar coordinates the equation of a conic section with (one) focus at the pole and directrix,

the line

can be written as

.

Solution to this Conic Section Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proofs example problem #1

Show that

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proof example question #2

Show that the following equation is valid.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proofs example #3

Prove the validity of the following equation.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proof example problem #4

Prove that

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proofs example question #5

Prove the following identity.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proof example #6

Show that the following identity holds.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proofs example problem #7

Prove the following identity.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proof example question #8

Verify the given identity.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proofs example #9

Show that the identity given below is valid.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proof example problem #10

Verify the given three Trigonometric Identities:

(a)

(b)

(c)

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proof example question #11

Show that the following Trigonometric Identity is true:

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice problem is given in the video below!

## Trigonometric Identity Proof example question #12

Verify that the following Trigonometric Identities hold:

a. sin(-x) = -sin(x)

b.

c.

d. sin(2x) = 2sin(x)cos(x)

e.

f. cos(-x) = cos(x)

g.

Solution to this Trigonometric Identity Proof practice example question is given in the video below!

## Trigonometry problems (complete Playlist)

Find comprehensive Trigonometry examples and practice problems found in your Calculus or Precalculus courses.